Also known as “Anphitheatrum Flavlum” (Flavian Amphitheatre), the Colosseum is the most important symbol of the city of Rome and the largest amphitheatre in the world.
It owes its name to the colossal statue of the bronze Nero who was near the structure at the time of its foundation.
It is inserted in the List of World Heritage Sites. The Colosseum was built between 70 and 74 AD and inaugurated in 80 AD.
Until 523 AD (year of the last public performance), the Colosseum’s interior was used for gladiatorial contests and various kinds of events such as animal hunts, historical re-enactments of battles and plays.